Country size: 224,610 sq mi Population: 2.1 m Currency: Botswana Pula
Languages: English, Tswana Capital: Gaborone Time Zone: UTC+2 Calling code: +267
Botswana is a landlocked country in southern Africa with approximately 2 % consisting of water. Botswana is topographically flat and approximately 70 % belongs to the Kalahari desert. Countries next to Botswana include South Africa, Namibia and Zimbabwe. Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated nations in the world. Approximately 10 % of the population live in the capital city of Gaborone. Botswana is a member of the African union, the Southern African development community the Commonwealth nations, and the United nations. Humans first settled in Botswana over 100,000 years ago and today the population is approximately 2.1 million. Botswana became an independent country on 30th September 1966 after an agreed proposal for independence in june 1964 to the United Kingdom.
Points of interest: Kalahari desert, Okavango delta, Chobe national park, Kalahari game reserve, Gaborone game reserve, Maun game reserve, Moremi game reserve, MakgadiKgadi salt pan, Limpopo river Basin
Botswana is the world’s 48th-largest country at a size of 224,607 sq miles. Botswana is a similar size to Madagascar. Botswana is Mostly flat, with very slight hills and elevations. Botswana is mostly comprised of the Kalahari desert covering 70% of its land. The complete opposite of this is the Okavango delta, one of the world’s largest inland deltas. Another spectacular part of Botswanas geography is the MakgadiKgadi salt pan, once a vast lake which dried up over 1,000 years ago. The Limpopo river Basin is situated partly in Botswana, located in the eastern part of the country. The Notwane provides water to the capital through the Gaborone dam. Another source of water and wilflife is the chobe river which lies to the north, providing a boundary between Botswana and Zambezi. The Chobe River meets with the Zambezi at Kazungula, a point in history of tribes meeting. Botswana has three national parks and seven game resrves rich in wildlife.
Mammals of Botswana include:
Botswana has one of the most diverse wildlife habitats in the world. Some of the regions rich in wildlife are the Okavango delta and desert areas, Savannas and grasslands. With three national parks and seven game reserves the diversity and opportunity for wildlife and game viewing is spectacular. Some of the wildlife include, African buffalo, African bush elephant, African Leopard, Banded mongoose, Bat eared fox, Brown hyena, Bushbuck, Cape fox, Cape wild dog, Giant sable Antelope, Hartebeest, Hippopotamus, Meerkat,Mountain Zeebra, Southern reedbuck, South African cheetah, South African Giraffe, South central black Rhinoceros, Southwest African lion, Spotted Hyena, springbok antelope, Warthog, wildebeest and countless more. The game viewing on safari is spectacular.
Birds of Botswana include :
The avifauna of Botswana include a total of 593 species, 4 have been introduced by humans, and 100 are rare and Of those, 8 species are globally threatened. The birding of Botswana is colourful and diverse providing spectacular photography opportunities in all regions, national parks and game reserves. Just some of the species include The cattle egret, the national bird of Botswana, Wagtails and pipits, Larks, Swallows and martins, Bulbuls and allies, African warblers, Acrocephalid warblers, Phylloscopid warblers, Old World warblers, Treecreepers , World flycatchers, Wattle-eyes, Fairy flycatchers, Drongos, Monarch flycatchers, Shrikes, Chickadees and titmice, Sunbirds and spiderhunters, Locustellid warblers, White-eyes, Penduline tits Old World orioles, Bushshrikes and alliesCrows, jays, Broadbills, ravens and magpies, Starlings, Weavers and allies, Waxbills and allies, Indigobirds, Buntings, sparrows, seedeaters and allies, Siskins, crossbills and allies, osprey, barn owls, parrots, bee-eaters, eagles, flamingos, pelicans, ostritches, cranes, gulls. Birding to Botswana is diverse and always provides incredible bird sightings.
Highest/lowest temperatures: Day high 38c/100f Day low ( morning ) 6c/42f
Botswanas climate is semi-arid. Botswana is hot and dry for the majority of the season, with the wet season bringing an abundance of wildife to rivers. The sub tropical climate has large differences between day and night. The dry season lies between may to october and the wet season lies between november to april. The changes in seasonality provide a diverse and rich wildlife safari destination.
Daytime temperatures on safari ( Average )
January: 32c/90f February: 32c/90f March: 30c/87f April: 30c/87f May: 28c/80f June: 25c/78f July: 25c/78f August: 25c/78f September: 34c/93f October: 34c/93f November: 33c/91f December: 33c/91f
The four eco-systems: Serondela area, Savuti Marsh area, Linyanti Marsh, hinterland
The Chobe national park is located in northern Botswana and has four ecosystems, is known for its largest wildlife concentration in Africa, and has a size of 10,566 square kilometers, miking it the 3rd largest national park in Botswana. Established as a reserve area in 1960. Chobe River valley forms the northeast part of the park and has thick forests and lush green plains. The marshland of Savuti forms the western zone. The park’s Elephant population is the largest in Botswana, and the animals’ migratory route covers 200 kilometers between the Chobe and Linyanti rivers. The Elephants found here are the largest. Chobe national park is diverse with great flora and fauna, spectacular avifauna and mammals. It also has the largest concentration of elephant across Africa.
Some of the mammals include: wildebeests, warthog, zeebra, cheetah, hyenas, lion, leopard, wild African dog, antelope, Hippopotamus, jackal, antelope, giraffe.
Some of the birds include: Tawny eagle, fish eagle, pied kingfisher, cattle egret, spur-wing goose, lilac-breasted roller, woodland kingfisher, black heron, egyptian geese, african sacred ibis, knob-billed duck, blacksmith lapwing, jacana, african openbill stork, grey lourie, helmeted guineafowl, marabou stork.
Zarafa camp / Selinda camp / Zambezi queen / Savute safari lodge / Chobe game lodge / Camp Savuti / Chobe marina lodge