Country size: 8,515,767 km2 (3,287,956 sq mi) Population: 200 million Capital: Brazilia Average temperatures range: 23c – 38c Calling code: +55 Largest city: Sao Paulo
Official language: Portuguese Time zones: -2 to -5 hours ( 4 zones )
Brazil is located in South America, with the neighboring countries being Peru, Bolivia, Columbia, Chile, Argentina and Venezuela. Brazil is the largest Country in both South and Latin America, and is the worlds fifth largest Country both by size and population. Brazil is graced with the Atlantic ocean to the east and a coastline spanning over 4,600 miles, with vast and varied features and wildlife. Brazil covers over 47% of South Americas land. Brazil hosts the Amazon river basin and vast tropical forests, with an extremely large concentration of wildlife and because of this Brazil is one of the 17 mega-diverse Countries. The wildlife of Brazil is just one of the countries assets, you can be sure a wildlife holiday here will be nothing short of spectacular. Flights from the UK range from 14-20+ hour flight time depending on stops.
Points of interest: Orinoco river, Guiana highlands, Amazon river, Iguazu falls, Pico da Neblina, serra do mar, Tambaba beach, Serra da capivara national park, Amazon rain forest .
Brazil’s geography is incredible, the landscape, coastal regions, rich and diverse forests, abundance of wildlife make Brazil one of the best wildlife viewing destinations in the world. Brazil lies on both the equator and tropic of Capricorn and is the only country in the world that has this attribute. Brazil’s topography includes mountains and hills, plains, highlands and scrublands. Most of Brazil’s landscape lies between 200 and 800 meters elevation above sea level with some of the mountainous regions in the south reaching 1200 meters and the highest mountain in Brazil, Pico Da Neblina reaching 2994 meters. Brazil has one of the most complex and wildlife diverse river systems in the world with 8 major drainage basins. Locations where rivers meet attract stunning wildlife and endemic species with incredible wildlife viewing and photographic opportunities.
The ecology of Brazil is incredible and diverse, being one of the 17 mega-diverse countries in the world, with complex river systems, vast rain forests, mountainous regions, flat lands, beaches and the tropical climate the wildlife is spectacular and unique. With plenty of mammals, birds and aquatic species wildlife holidays to Brazil are perfection. Scientists and research suggest species approach 4 million. There is always something new to discover. Brazil has over 600 species of mammal, and 1,800 species of bird. Brazil is a wildlife enthusiasts dream destination and holiday.
Mammals of Brazil include: Brown-throat sloth, giant anteater, six-banded armadillo, short eared bat, greater ghost bat, proboscis bat, white headed marmoset, golden lion tamarin, tufted capuchin, brown woolly monkey, black howler monkey, maned wolf, bush dog, tayra, raccoon, giant otter, south american sea lion, skung, seal, spider monkey, squirrel monkey, Amazon river dolphin, manatee, marsh deer, capybara,
Birds of Brazil include :
Greater rhea, southern screamer, black necked swan, bare faced curassow, pied bellied grebe, american flamingo, chilean flamingo, silver teal, black headed duck, red shoveler, masked duck, lake duck, great grebe, king penguin, macaroni penguin, wandering albatross, sooty albatross, royal albatross, southern fulmar, blue petrel, atlantic petrel, wood stork, maguari stork, masked booby, cape gannet, anhinga, zigzag heron, agami heron, scarlet ibis, green ibis, roseate spoonbill, black vulture, turkey vulture, andean condor, king vulture, pearl kite, harpy eagle, osprey, limpkin, southern lapwing.
Highest/lowest and average temperatures: highs of 40c ( 104f ) / lows of 13c ( 55f )
Average monthly temperatures 25c ( 77f )
The climate of Brazil varies greatly, typically temperatures below the equator are high averaging 25c ( 77f ) . There is little variation in temperature at the equator where average temperatures below the tropic of Capricorn are as low as 13c ( 55f ). To the far south and at higher elevations there can be frosts and snow from June to September. Precipitation in Brazil varies greatly, the average rainfall is between 1000mm and 1500mm per year with the majority falling between December and April. The Amazon region is extremely humid with average rainfall between 2000mm – 3000mm each year although the Amazon has a dry season between 3-5 months of the year.
Average temperatures per month ( Rio de janeiro )
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
°C 26 27 26 25 23 22 21 22 22 23 24 25
°F 79 81 79 77 73 72 70 72 72 73 75 77