Country size: 9,984,670 km2(3,855,103 sq mi) Population: 36.4 million
Capital: ottawa Average temperatures range: 23c – 38c Calling code: +1 Largest city: Toronto
Official language: English, French Time zones: -2.5 to -8 hours ( Multiple zones )
Currency: Canadian Dollar
Canada is located in north America and extends from the Atlantic to the pacific ocean and is the worlds second largest country due to its size. Canada’s border with the United states is the largest in the world and is the only country that borders Canada other than Alaska. Greenland is close by north east of Canada. Due to the location Canada is mostly cooler especially in the north however further south tends to be warmer. The majority of Canada is forests, tundra and mountains. The majority of Canada’s population resides in the south leaving the northern region sparsely populated. Wildlife viewing, bear watching and whale watching in Canada is spectacular and is one of the best destinations in the world.
Points of interest: Mount meager, Canadian rockies, Banff National park, Rocky Mountains, Hudson bay, Jasper national park, Niagara parks butterfly conservatory, Columbia icefield, Lake ontarino, Toronto islands, Moraine lake.
Canada’s Geography and landscape is stunning, with vast forests split into eight distinct regions. One unique aspect of Canada’s geography is there are over 2 million lakes with over 560 of these larger than 39 square miles, this is one of the reasons wildlife holidays to Canada are so great. With a large portion of the worlds fresh water, including glaciers in the Canadian Rockies and the coast mountains. Some stunning volcanoes are dotted around Canada including Mount Meager, Mount Caley and Mount Garibaldi adding to the picturesque scenery. Another unique aspect is that the population density is 3.3 inhabitants per square kilometer and is one of the lowest in the world providing a peaceful wildlife holiday.
Canada is one of the most peaceful and picturesque environments for wildlife viewing, well known for bears and whales, with five fantastic marine Eco zones, vast forests and lakes, Canada has a relatively diverse collection of mammals, birds, and marine life for great wildlife photography.
Mammals of Canada include:
Coyote, Grey or timber wolf, Arctic fox, Red fox, Swift fox, Grey fox, American black bear, Brown or grizzly bear, Polar bear, Common raccoon, American marten, Fisher, Ermine, Long-tailed weasel, Least weasel, Black-footed ferret, American mink, Wolverine, American badger, Western spotted skunk, Striped skunk, River otter, Sea otter, Cougar or mountain lion, Canada lynx, Bobcat, Muscox, Northern sea lion, Blue dolphin, Sperm whale, Orca, Humpback whale.
Birds of Canada include :
Emperor goose, snow goose, wood duck, mute swan, king eider, wild turkey, spruce grouse, pacific loon, horned grebe, black-footed albatross, atlantic yellow-nosed albatross, northern fulmar, manx shearwater, wilsons storm petrel, white-tailed tropicbird, brown booby, northern gannet, great cormorant, anhinga, brown pelican, snowy egret, great egret, green heron, black vulture, turkey vulture, osprey, bald eagle, golden eagle, white-tailed eagle, ferruginous hawk, merlin, black rail, limpkin, common crane, killdeer, black oystercatcher, razorbill.
Highest/lowest and average temperatures: highs of 35c ( 95f ) / lows of -25c ( -13f )
Average monthly temperatures 14c ( 57f )
Canada’s climate varies greatly by region and is greatly affected by the geography. there are frosts and snow in the north, and four very distinct seasons nearer the equator. Temperatures can vary from 35c to -25 and the wildlife adapts accordingly with migration. The temperature and precipitation differ vastly in different regions as each season is distinct with hot summers, cool winters and fresh crisp autumns.